3.2 US-Normen ANSI, NFPA, UL (National Consensus Standards)

Zusätzlich zu den OSHA-Standards ist die Behörde OSHA ermächtigt, die Einhaltung von National Consensus Standards zu überwachen und zu erzwingen. Dies sind Normen, Arbeitssicherheits- oder Gesundheitsbestimmungen oder Modifikationen solcher, die

  • von einer national anerkannten Normen setzenden Organisation (z. B. ANSI, UL) verabschiedet und verbreitet wurden
  • vom Arbeitsministerium (Secretary of Labor) als Norm gekennzeichnet sind
  • in Form von internationalen Normen (IEC, ISO) Themen oder Fachgebiete behandeln, welche nicht von einer amerikanischen Norm abgedeckt sind.

U.S. National Consensus Standards sind also Normen, die ergänzend zu den OSHA Standards gelten. Nachfolgend sind einige solcher Normen gebenden Körperschaften genannt:

  • American National Standards Institute (ANSI) www.ansi.org
  • European Committee for Standardization (CEN) www.cen.eu
  • European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization (CENELEC) www.cenelec.org
  • International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) www.iec.ch
  • International Standardization Organization (ISO) www.iso.ch
  • National Fire Protection Agency (NFPA) www.nfpa.org


Auswahl wichtiger U.S. National Consensus Standards im Bereich Maschinensicherheit (Liste ist nicht vollständig)
 

Standard Titel und Inhalt
ANSI B11.1 Mechanical Power Presses – Safety Requirements for Construction, Care, Use
ANSI B11.2 Hydraulic Power Presses – Safety Requirements for Construction, Care, Use
ANSI B11.3 Power Press Brakes – Safety Requirements for Construction, Care and Use
ANSI B11.4 Machine Tools – Schears – Safety Requirements for Construction, Care, Use
ANSI B11.5 Machine Tools – Iron Workers – Safety Requirements for Construction, Care, Use
ANSI B11.6 Lathes – Safety Requirements for Construction, Care and Use
ANSI B11.7 Cold Headers and Cold Formers – Safety Requirements for Construction, Care and Use
ANSI B11.8 Drilling, Mining and Boring Machines – Safety Requirements for Construction, Care and Use
ANSI B11.9 Grinding Machines – Safety Requirements for Construction, Care and Use
ANSI B11.10 Metal Sawing Machines – Safety Requirements for Construction, Care, Use
ANSI B11.11 Gear-Cutting Machines – Safety Requirements for Construction, Care, Use
ANSI B11.12 Machine Tools – Roll-Forming and Roll-Bending Machines – Safety Requirements for Construction, Care and Use
ANSI B11.13 Machine Tools – Single- and Multiple-Spindle Automatic Bar and Chucking Machines – Safety Requirements for Construction, Care and Use
ANSI B11.14 Machine Tools – Coile-Slitting Machines - Safety Requirements for Construction, Care and Use
ANSI B11.15 Pipe, Tube and Shape-Bending Machines – Safety Requirements for Construction, Care and Use
ANSI B11.16 Metal Powder Compacting Presses – Safety Requirements for Construction, Care and Use
ANSI B11.17 Machine Tools – Horizontal Hydraulic Extrusion Presses - Safety Requirements for Construction, Care and Use
ANSI B11.18 Machine Tools – Machines and Machinery Systems for Processing Strip, Sheet or Plate from Coiled Configuration – Safety Requirements for Construction, Care and Use
ANSI B11.19 Performed Criteria for the Design, Construction, Care and Operation of Safeguarding when referenced by other B11 Machine Tool Safety Standards
ANSI B11.20 Machine Tools – Manufacturing Systems / Cells - Safety Requirements for Construction, Care and Use
ANSI B11.21 Machine Tools – Using Lasers for Processing Materials – Safety Requirements for Construction, Care and Use
ANSI B11.TR1 Ergonomic Guidelines for Design, Installation and Use of Machine Tools
ANSI B11.TR2 Mist Control on Machines Using Metal Working Fluids
ANSI B151.27 Safety Requirements for Robots Used with Horizontal Injection Molding Machines
ANSI B56.5 Safety Standards for Guided Industrial Vehicles and Automated Functions of Manned Industrial Vehicles
ANSI R15.06 Safety Requirements for Robots and Robot Systems
ANSI B65.1 Safety Standards for Printing Press Systems
NFPA 70E Electrical Safety Requirements for Employee Workplaces
NFPA 79 Electrical Standard for Industrial Machinery
UL 508 Industrial Control Equipment
UL 61496-1 Electro-Sensitive Protective Equipment, Part 1: General Requirements for Design, Construction and Testing of Electrosensitive Protective Devices (ESPDs).
UL 61496-2 Electro-Sensitive Protective Equipment, Part 2: Particular Requirements for Equipment Using Active Opto-Electronic Protective Devices (AOPDs).