2.1 European directives

EU product directives as basis for the free movement of goods

To eliminate barriers to trade in the EU Single Market, more than 20 product directives have been created to date. The relevant products may only be distributed if they satisfy the basic requirements. If a product complies with the relevant harmonized EU standards, it is assumed that the basic requirements are met. A manufacturer can also use other technical solutions if the same level of safety is proven. Fulfillment of the basic requirements is determined in a formal conformity assessment procedure. Depending on the potential risk of the products, this is largely the responsibility of the manufacturer.


Important EU Directives in the area of machine safety and their implementation under German law
 

EU Directive

German Law
Machinery directive 2006/42/EC 9th ProdSichG (Device and Product Safety Law) ordinance
Low voltage directive 2006/95/EC 1st ProdSichG (Device and Product Safety Law) ordinance

ATEX Directive 94/9/EC
11th ProdSichG (Device and Product Safety Law) ordinance
General Product Safety Directive 2001/95/EC Product Safety Law (ProdSichG)
EMC directive 2004/108/EC EMC Law


EU safety at work directives

Safety at Work Framework Directive 89/391/EEC contains minimum requirements and general basic principles for the prevention of work-related hazards, for safety and health protection, for minimizing and eliminating risk and accident factors, and for the appropriate instruction of employees. These are minimum requirements. Each EU Member State may increase the protection level in its national implementation or, for example, set higher test requirements.


Important directives in the area of EU work safety and their implementation under German Law
 

EU Directive

German Law
Safety at Work Framework Directive 89/391/EEC Arbeitsschutzgesetz (Act on Occupational Safety and Health)
Betriebssicherheitsverordnung (Ordinance on Industrial Safety and Health)
Set of rules of the employers' liability insurance associations:
  • Regulations of employers' liability insurance associations (BG-Vorschriften, BGV) continue to be legally binding
  • Rules of the employers' liability insurance associations (BG-Regeln, BGR) solidify state health and safety regulations and apply as compliant with the latest state of technology
  • The information of employers' liability insurance associations (BG-Informationen, BGI) is provided by special topic-specific publications of the respective associations
Use of Work Equipment Directive 89/655/EEC amended by 95/63/EC
Directive 89/655/EEC amended by 2001/45/EC